Aristotle, just who transformed Platonic suggestions into types of some thing and you can, also, put the fresh philosophy out-of potentiality and effort (plus a number of other, analogous doctrines), created dialectic further. Inside the philosophy of your own five explanations-topic, formal, finally and you can effective-Aristotle mentioned that them can be found from inside the what you, each is wholly indivisible and you will the same on the point it is obtainable when you look at the. Aristotles doctrine off a prime mover whom believes himself-put another way, was themselves one another topic and you may object-are a fragment of the very most exact same dialectic. Of the designating this new doctrine away from likely judgments and you may conclusions or the doctrine out-of styles because the dialectic, Aristotle brings a good dialectic of becoming, because the potentiality itself is only it is possible to regarding the industries of becoming. Lenin told you: “Aristotles reasoning is actually an inquiry, a looking, an effective way to Hegels logic-also it, the new reason out-of Aristotle (just who every-where, at every step, raises just the matter of dialectics), has been made to the a-dead scholasticism from the rejecting all searchings, waverings, and modes away from teaming issues” (Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 31, p. 326).
The brand new Stoics outlined dialectic once the “the latest technology out-of accurately conducting a conversation in terms of judgments in the inquiries and solutions” and as “the new science of one’s genuine, incorrect, and you will natural,” the new research regarding endless are, and science of your common conversion process from elements.